The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Epigenomics is the study of the complete set of epigenetic modifications on the genetic material of a cell, known as the epigenome. The field is analogous to genomics and proteomics, which are the study of the genome and proteome of a cell Epigenetic modifications are reversible modifications on a cell’s DNA or histones that affect gene expression without altering the DNA sequence maintenance is a continuous process and plays an important role in stability of eukaryotic genomes by taking part in crucial biological mechanisms like DNA repair. Two of the most characterized epigenetic modifications are DNA methylationand histone modification.
- Track 1-1Computational epigenomics
- Track 1-2Clinical epigenetics
- Track 1-3Noval Approchement towards the diseases
Medical microbiology primarily focuses on the presence and growth of microbial infections in individuals, their effects on the human body and the methods of treating those infections. Diagnostic medical microbiology is the discipline that identifies etiologic agents of disease. The job of the clinical microbiology laboratory is to test specimens from patients for microorganisms that are, or may be, a cause of the illness. General Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, mycology, parasitology, and bacteriology.
- Track 2-1Microbiologic Examination
- Track 2-2Biotechnological Innovation in Medical Microbiology
- Track 2-3Diagnostics and Laboratory systems development
- Track 2-4General Concepts of Microbiology
Genomics is a discipline in genetics that applies recombinant DNA, DNA sequencing methods, and bioinformatics to sequence, assemble, and analyze the function and structure of genomes Advances in genomics have triggered a revolution in discovery-based research to understand even the most complex biological systems such as the brain. The field includes efforts to determine the entire DNA sequence of organisms and fine-scale genetic mapping. The field also includes studies of intragenomic phenomena such as heterosis, epistasis, pleiotropy and other interactions between loci and alleles within the genome
- Track 3-1Rapid molecular testing and sequencing technologies
- Track 3-2Epidemiology of Infections
- Track 3-3Advanced techniques in Laboratory Techniques
- Track 3-4Microbial metabolism & Advanced Microbial Genetics
Immunity is the balanced state of having adequate biological defences to fight infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion, while having adequate tolerance to avoid allergy, and autoimmune diseases. . Immunity involves both specific and nonspecific components. The nonspecific components act either as barriers or as eliminators of wide range of pathogens irrespective of antigenic specificity. Other components of the immune system adapt themselves to each new disease encountered and are able to generate pathogen-specific immunity.
- Track 4-1Concept of Infection and Epidemic Process
- Track 4-2Pathogenesis of diseases
- Track 4-3Translational and clinical research in pathology
- Track 4-4The role of microbes in immune response
- Track 4-5Host interactions and systems biology
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing micro-organism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins. The agent stimulates the body's immune system to recognize the agent as a threat, destroy it, and keep a record of it, so that the immune system can more easily recognize and destroy any of these micro-organisms that it later encounters. Synthetic biology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology and engineering. The subject combines various disciplines from within these domains, such as biotechnology, evolutionary biology, genetic engineering, molecular biology, molecular engineering, systems biology, biophysics, and computer engineering.
- Track 5-1Role of Pharmaceutical microbiology
- Track 5-2Drug delivery technologies
- Track 5-3Environmental sensing and signal processing by cellular networks
- Track 5-4Bio-Engineering & Systems Microbiology
Recent scientific advances have created the opportunity for new insight into microbiological food safety issues. Our current policies and controls have served us well, but improvements are needed. With new information and tools, we can now create food safety management systems that use science to assess risk and focus our efforts in a flexible and effective manner. Knowing that change is inevitable, we can look ahead to spot new issues as they arise and be prepared to respond.
- Track 6-1Benefical Microorganisms
- Track 6-2Benefical Microorganisms
- Track 6-3Predictive Microbiology
- Track 6-4Food hygiene & Food Safety
The gut micro biota in humans evolves throughout life and appears to play a pivotal role in both health and disease. In a healthy state, the gut micro biota have myriad positive functions, including energy recovery from metabolism of nondigestible components of foods, protection of a host from pathogenic invasion, and modulation of the immune system. A dysbiotic state of the gut micro biota is becoming recognized as an environmental factor that interacts with a host’s metabolism and has a role in pathological conditions.
- Track 7-1Microbiota in a Healthy Gut
- Track 7-2Microbiota in specific diseases and conditions
Molecular genetics is the field of biology and genetics that studies the structure and function of genes at a molecular level. The study of chromosomes and gene expression of an organism can give insight into heredity, genetic variation, and mutations. This is useful in the study of developmental biology and in understanding and treating genetic diseases.
Cellular microbiology is the scientific study of the functions and properties of microbial cells. This discipline combines techniques and approaches of classic cell biology and microbiology.
- Track 8-1Genetic Models of Development and Disease
- Track 8-2Molecular Medicine & Human Genetics
- Track 8-3Molecular Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
New infections still present a threat to humanity. Novel pathogens often infect humans, but it is not yet well understood why only some pathogens acquire the ability to spread efficiently to other humans. An emerging infectious disease is an infectious disease whose incidence has increased in the past 20 years and could increase in the near future. Emerging infections account for at least 12% of all human pathogens. Public health emergencies caused by infectious threats have the potential to kill thousands or millions of people. These threats can emerge naturally as outbreaks or pandemics, such as influenza (pandemic and seasonal), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), extremely-drug resistant (XDR) tuberculosis.
- Track 9-1Determinants of Emergence and Reemergence
- Track 9-2Environmental Detection
- Track 9-3Bioterrorism & Bioweapons
- Track 9-4Biodefense
- Track 9-5Biodetection Technologies
A biofilm is any group of microorganisms in which cells stick to each other on a surface. These adherent cells are frequently embedded within a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance. Biofilms can be formed by a single bacterial species, but biofilms more often consist of many species of bacteria, as well as fungi, algae, protozoa, debris, and corrosion products. Essentially, a biofilm may form on any surface exposed to bacteria and some amount of water. Applied microbiology is a branch deals with application of microorganisms in the field of science for the production of human beneficial products such as medicines, antibiotics, vaccines, enzymes, biotechnological engineered products and also in food technology as fermentation products.
- Track 10-1Cell-cell communication, signalling and quorum sensing
- Track 10-2Biofilms and disease
- Track 10-3Microbial Engineering
- Track 10-4Industrial Microbiology
Antimicrobial resistance refers to microbe’s ability to change and become less susceptible to drugs. The development of antimicrobial drugs (antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals and antiparasitics) to treat otherwise life-threatening infections has been one of the most notable medical achievements in human history. Antimicrobial stewardship refers to coordinated interventions designed to improve and measure the appropriate use of antimicrobials by promoting the selection of the optimal antimicrobial drug regimen, dose, duration of therapy, and route of administration
- Track 11-1Mechanisms of action, preclinical data & pharmacology of antibacterial agents
- Track 11-2Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of antibacterial drugs & therapeutic drug monitoring
- Track 11-3Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of antibacterial drugs & therapeutic drug monitoring
- Track 11-4New antibacterial agents: clinical trials
- Track 11-5Pharmacoepidemiology, improved prescribing and antibiotic stewardship
Hospital-acquired infection also known as nosocomial infection is an infection that is contracted from the environment or staff of a healthcare facility. It can be spread in the hospital environment, nursing home environment, rehabilitation facility, clinic, or other clinical settings. Infection is spread to the susceptible patient in the clinical setting by a number of means. Health care staff can spread infection, in addition to contaminated equipment, bed linens, or air droplets. Controlling nosocomial infection is to implement Quality assurance / Quality control measures to the health care sectors, and evidence-based management can be a feasible approach.
- Track 12-1Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
- Track 12-2Medical Microbiology
- Track 12-3Anti- Infective Agents
- Track 12-4Anti- Infective Agents
- Track 12-5Prevention & Risk Factors
- Track 12-6Healthcare-Associated Infections