Biotransformation is described as the use of biological catalysts to change a particular compound into a distinct reversible substance with structural similarity. Biocatalysts, on the other hand, are extremely reaction-, enantiomer-, and region-specific. This primarily and explicitly refers to the chemical structure of a substance that one might wish to obtain. Many flexible microorganisms can be used to perform highly complex conversions on low-cost substrates. Orthodox synthetic methods are unlikely to be able to carry out reactions that are made possible by microbial transformation. Endophytes can also produce naturally occurring, biodegradable compounds.
- Track 1-1 Natural Transformation
- Track 2-2 Artificial Transformation